Electronic Components

Did you know that there is two classification of electronic components?

This is the Active Electronic Components and the Passive Electronic Components.

Active electronic components can control the flow of electricity. It has the gain and directionality. An example of this are transistors, vacuum tubes, and silicon-controlled rectifiers.

Passive electronic components do not have the ability to control the current by means of another electrical signal. It does not have the gain or directionality. An example of this are capacitors, resistors, inductors, and transformers.

Here are the electronic components and their function:

Terminals and Connectors— makes the electrical connection.

Resistors— used to resist the current.

Switches— used to conduct or deduct.

Capacitors— stores electrical charge in an electrical field.

Magnetic or inductive components— uses magnetism.

Network components— uses more than one type of passive component.

Piezoelectric devices, crystals, resonators— a passive component; uses piezoelectric effect.

Semiconductors— electronic control components that do not have moving parts.

Diodes— conducts electricity in only one direction.

Transistors— semiconductor device that is capable of amplification.

Integrated circuits—micro electric computer electronic circuit incorporated into a chip or semiconductor.

Electrical versus Electronic

Most of us think that electrical and electronics are the same. However, do not get confused, these two terms are technically different. Their devices behave differently, how it manipulates the electricity to the specified task.

By definition, electrical is anything related to or has the concern with electricity. It relates to the charges being produced by the magnetic fields to act on another charge. The electrical devices change the current into another form of energy, like heat or light. Electrical devices were first invented than the electronic devices. It uses alternate current, and high voltage.

Meanwhile, electronics is the science and technology that is concerned with the development and application of electronic devices and circuits. It understands the behavior of components and the ability of the device to control the flow of electrons. Electronics also transform the current into another form of energy, however, it manipulates the current to make the device perform a specified task. It uses direct current, and low voltage.

Although the distinction between electric and electronic devices is a bit hazy, there are instances that an electrical device comprises some electronic components.

Tips on Testing Electronic Parts

Some electronic parts are usually very fragile which makes testing them a difficult task but others like cables are much easier. With different parts ranging from the switch buttons to resistors, different testing methods may be required for the gadgets. Although in most cases testing is done to locate a particular problem, other times it is usually done as part of regular maintenance to make sure the gadget is still in the right shape. Below are some tips on testing electronic parts that one can use.

For the parts, whether cables or resistors, a digital multimeter comes in handy. It is a device used to test the continuous flow of current through a device and determining if the device is functioning as it should. Connecting your cable to this device will inform you if it is working as it should or if there is a problem. In cases where one wants to use it, the cable can be checked by examining around the corners and trying to locate any cracks that could be blocking continuous flow or current. The multimeter can also be used to test the power buttons of any electronic gadget. In that case, however, you need to test both on and off status of your device and noting the differences. This reading should be “zero” when turned off.

Without the multimeter, one can still test the electronic parts they think are giving them problems. Other than looking for breakages, one can also try check for displacements. Any part that is wrongly placed could cause major problems and sometimes even permanent damages. This kind of problem can be rampant in homes with children as they tend to touch everything around the house. It is therefore important to check the location of every part to ensure all parts are rightfully placed before proceeding to test the internal parts.

Manual testing can also be done on the internal parts of an electronic gadget by opening it up and checking for visible problems. If you cannot locate anything wrong, it is better to use the multimeter. It tends to be a safer and more reliable way of testing if the flow of current is consistent. The internal parts may be more delicate and may be damaged when roughly handled so you need to careful when dealing with them. A multimeter can be found in electronic shops and is easy to use. You just need to connect both of its ends to the part you want to test then get the reading, which reads “infinite” whenever there’s a problem and gives specific readings when the part is working properly.

Tips on How To Start an Electronic Parts Store

If you are thinking of starting an electronic parts store, this is a great decision because this is a lucrative investment that can bring you a lot of money. However, just like any other type of business, it is important to ensure that you apply the right strategies in the process. In addition, you have to make sure that you follow all the laid down regulations in the area. Below are some of the top tips on how to start an electronic parts store.

Choose the right location

The location of the electronic parts store will determine greatly if it will succeed or not. So, you have to make sure that you select an appropriate location where you will be able to reach all your potential customers in an effective manner. Choose a place where customers have to travel long distance or a place that is so hidden to the extent that they will spend a lot of time to spot your store.

Apply for the right documentations

After you have decided on the location, it is now time to apply for the documents required for you to operate an electronic parts store. There are different documents required and all what you need to do is to make sure that you check with your local authorities to determine all the documents you will need for you to be permitted to operate. Having all the required documents ensures you do not fall in the wrong hands of the law.

Decide the electronic parts to sell

It is obvious that you cannot stock all the electronic parts in your store. The secret here is to ensure that you carry out thorough market research to understand the parts that are in high demand in your area. This will ensure that you do not stock parts that will lay idle on your store and offer no value to you. Stock those that are required most by your target audience to increase chances of making high sales.

Come up with the right price strategy 

One thing that is for sure is that you will not be the only one operating an electronic store in your area. The competition will be there and you have to try to gain a competitive edge. One of the most effective strategies is to ensure that you offer your parts at the most competitive price. You can also offer discounts and other incentives to attract more customers in your store.

Tips on How to Find Electronic Parts

Now that you want to buy electronic parts, the other most important thing is to make sure that you get the best ones. One thing you will need to put in mind is that there are thousands of electronic parts that you find in the market, but not all of them can serve your needs perfectly. To help you during the shopping process, here are some tips on how to find electronic parts.

Shop from the most reputable stores

There are a lot of electronic shops in the modern market. Just like in any other business, there are stores out there that offer substandard parts. This is why you need to take your time to ensure that you only do the shopping from the most credible stores known to offer high quality electronic parts. Ask for referrals from those who have bought similar parts before to guide you on the best store to make your purchase. If you want to order online, make sure you check at online reviews and comments to find the store with the best reviews from their customers.

Check quality 

You have to make sure that you get the highest quality electronic parts in order to get the value of the money you spend and for durability. You need to make sure that you check the mark of quality to ensure that they are original and from a reputable manufacturer. It is also important you check the material used to make the parts in order to ensure that the material is durable and sturdy.

Consider the price

It is advisable that you look for ways that you can save when you are buying the electronic parts, but you also need to be very careful. You need to avoid the cheapest parts because in most cases, they might be of low quality. High quality parts will not be sold at a very low price because they are original and last for many years. In addition, they will serve all your needs well, so they are of more value to you.

Check of discounts and offers 

As you do the shopping, you should look for stores offering discounts and other offers to customers buying the parts you want. If you buy from such stores you will get high quality parts at a price that is friendly. Take you time to compare the store with the best deal in terms of the discount offered.

5 Safety Measures to follow while assembling electronic parts

Are you trying to assemble electronic parts? Are you connecting different electronic circuits? If yes, before you chalk up the blueprint to connect the parts or solder the PCB, you have to know about the safety measures which you need to follow while assembling electronic parts. While working on the electronic parts, creating a safe working environment is necessary. You have to be extremely cautious while working with the electronic components and parts.

If you’re not sure of the guidelines which you have to follow, we would today help you out by sharing with you five different safety measures which you have to undertake while assembling electronic parts.

1. Disconnecting the electrical circuits: While this is the most obvious step and some of you might take it lightly but you would be surprised to know how many people forget to switch off the electronic parts or frayed electrical circuits before beginning the work on them. You run the risk of getting electrocuted if you forget about this simple safety measure.

2. Keep the metallic objects at bay: Most of the people often use pens or pencils in order to indicate certain connections while assembling the electronic parts. You need to understand that pencils, as well as a pen, can be good conductors of electricity. That is why you have to use pliers or tester in order to trace or indicate the path of current or the connections which you are making. The pliers and tester are well insulated which ensures that you do not run the risk of coming in contact with the current.

3. Using protective equipment while soldering: While assembling the electronic parts or soldering them to the PCB, the soldering iron is often heated to a very high temperature. That is why while using the soldering iron you have to wear proper insulating gloves. Also, whenever you are working with electronic components, it is always a good idea to wear rubber gloves in order to provide yourself with some insulation from the electric current. In addition to that, you have to strictly turn off the soldering iron after the soldering work is done. This would ensure that no one accidentally comes in contact with the hot soldering iron. . While the soldering iron is hot, you have to use a proper soldering iron holding stand in order to hold it in its place which would prevent any accidental contact. In order to store the soldering iron, you have to always use a proper casing rather than leaving it on the table.

4. Assembling the electronic parts in the proper environment: Electronic parts should be assembled in rooms having moderate temperatures. If the temperature is pretty cold or if there is any possibility of condensation, you should avoid assembling the electronic parts in those rooms. The reason for this is that when condensation occurs, water deposition would take place on the electronic parts. This can cause a short circuit which would not only damage that particular component but can damage the entire circuit as well. This can prove to be pretty costly.

5. Draining the Capacitors before starting the work: Capacitors can hold a charge for a pretty long period of time. Before beginning your work, you have to drain them off by shorting both the connections of the capacitor. While working, you have to continue with this precaution in order to prevent any kind of electric shock. In addition to these 5 safety measures as well, there are the few other safety measures which you should additionally look into depending on the type of electronic parts with which you are working on. These include:

  • You shouldn’t ground the defective circuit in order to drain the current and thereafter work on it. You have to find a permanent solution to the defective circuit instead of just grounding it.
  • You should never try to manually remove water or any chemical which has fallen on the electrical circuit. You have to do so with the help of proper tools. So, when you’re working on any electronic circuits, you have to follow these safety measures when assembling electronic parts. Proper adherence to these safety measures would always help you stay out of trouble and complete the assembling work in a safe manner.

QUALIFICATIONS OF A GOOD ONLINE ELECTRONICS STORE

In these modern days, people prefer buying products from online platforms due to its convenience, ease of time and flexible working hours. One can also sell or buy electronics online. There are some qualifications for a good online electronics store that one should consider as discussed below.

It should have various methods of making payments

Having different ways of payments makes it easy and stress-free for buyers. That is because various people prefer different methods of making payments and some methods are not available to some customers. It is, therefore, reasonable to incorporate all your clients by having various payment options such as PayPal, debit and credit cards. Make it possible for users to use the method they can trust.

It should have a user-friendly website by ensuring it loads fast to save time for your clients, make it easily accessible and make sure customers can shop without many complications. That is the reason why people would prefer online shopping rather than making long queues in stores. Its computer systems should also be excellent.

It should safeguard the client’s personal information

A good online electronic store should keep customer’s information safe and confidential. Protecting client’s personal information is the most important priority of the online store members.

It should have features to enable clients to compare prices and features of your products with other products

That allows customers to find the product of his or her type with ease. It also aids in selecting the right products within your budget and one that meets your requirements.

A good online electronics store should have a stylish design that makes the stores attractive and enables them to incorporate high-quality content with appealing images, graphics and multimedia files. That will attract more customers to the site.

It has affordable prices for its products

Affordable and beneficial deals are usually appealing and attractive to customers since products are available directly from the manufacturer or seller without involving intermediaries. That should, therefore, be an essential qualification of a good online electronic store.

It provides different varieties of products they sell. When someone is shopping online, they need varieties to make informed decisions as they buy, therefore an online electronic store should have varieties of all their products. That also enables customers to obtain only what they require, not buying things due to lack of another choice. The sorts of electronics should also be the accepted products, not rejects.

It should have a platform for customers to provide reviews Customer reviews can help make an informed decision about a particular store. Good testimonials come from satisfied clients, hence the importance of doing reviews.

It provides offers and deals to its clients

That mostly happens during festive seasons such as Christmas. A good online electronic store should provide such deals at least once a year.

Following these considerations when selling or buying using an online electronic store cannot disappoint.

How To Recycle Used Electronic Parts Waste?

Technology is progressing at a brisk pace. The usage of electronic gadgets is increasing day by day. As newer and newer gadgets are being launched, the older ones are becoming obsolete. This is resulting in an enormous amount of electronic waste being generated. Most of the people just discard their older gadgets once they buy a new one. However, there are plenty of ways to recycle electronic parts as well. Most of the people are puzzled by the question how to recycle used electronic parts waste. We would today share with you the exact procedure which you can follow in order to recycle the electronics parts waste.

1. Sorting the gadgets: Before you begin the process, you have to sort out the gadgets which you want to recycle. Each and every type of gadget like a smartphone as well as a DVD player or even a clock can be stripped off useful components which can be reused. You have to unscrew the gadget and thereafter remove the PCB in order to begin the recycling process. PCB is the green circuit board inside the gadget.

2. Materials needed: Once you get the PCB out of the gadget, you would have to desolder the components which can be recycled. In order to do so, you would need certain equipment. The equipment which you have to keep ready are:

  • PCB
  • Pliers
  • Soldering iron
  • Vice Grip
  • Storage container for the desoldered components
  • De-soldering pump

3. Put the PCB into the Vice grip: In order to desolder the components with ease, you have to hold the PCB with the help of the vice grip. You can hold it in the position which is more preferable for you i.e. horizontal or vertical. You have to just make sure that the soldered side of the PCB is on the upper side.

4. Removing the components: Once the PCB is held in its place, you have to start removing the components by desoldering them. You have to 1st press the soldering iron against the soldered joint and once the soldered metal is liquefied, you have to suck it out with the help of the desoldering pump. Once you are able to remove the soldered metal from the contact, the component would loosen up you can pull it out with the help of the pliers. You have to repeat this procedure with the entire circuit.

Pro tip: When you are removing any component you have to make sure that the soldered metal is entirely removed from its contents. Only when it is fully removed, you have to pull it out with the help of the pliers. Even if a small amount of soldered metal is left, you have to use the soldering iron again and use the desoldering pump in order to remove it and thereafter remove the component with the help of the pliers.

5. Knowing the components which are useful: Not each and every component which you can pull out from the circuit board can be reused. Some of the components which can be easily recycled are:

  • Capacitors
  • Switches
  • Resistors
  • LEDs
  • Diodes
  • Transistors
  • MOSFETs

6. Storing them in a proper container: Once you are able to remove the components from the circuit board, you have to store them in a proper airtight container. This would protect them from moisture as well as outside temperature. You can use these components easily to assemble or create new circuits whenever you want. So, if you’re wondering how to recycle used electronic parts waste, you have to just follow this procedure for the gadget which you want to recycle the electronic parts from. The parts which you are able to salvage from the circuit can be reused as long as you are able to use them as per the specifications.

History of Electronics Industry in The United States

The United States is one of the countries in the world with the most developed electronics industry. This has been as a result of the great innovations and inventions that have occurred in this industry. Looking back at the industry in the country one realizes that things have changed a lot since the first electronics were produced. The changes have been brought about by increased knowledge in this industry and also innovations in the way they are produced. Let’s now look at the history of the industry in the country.

How has the industry developed?

The electronic industry in the United States can be traced back in the 19th century. The development led to creation of several inventions in developments of different electronics. Most of the electronics that came up during this period are those involved in the entertainment industry including televisions and radios. As years moved and with increased knowledge in the industry digital electronics emerged in the 1940’s. By the 1990’s, more electronics had emerged even in the computer industry. Since then it has developed to be a worldwide industry worth a lot of dollars. Most of the electronic parts in the modern times are now digital.

Development of consumer electronic products

Consumer electronics have also developed since the 19th century and there are thousands of consumer electronic parts in the United States market. There are modern and more sophisticated electronics that have been developed through the years. There has been the emergence of both semi and fully automated factories that produce these electronics. In addition to this, the industry has grown from the past manual production process to the now modern computerized production that has led to more complex and efficient consumer electronics.

Impacts to the society

The electronics industry in the United States has led to both positive and negative impacts to the entire society, but the positive ones surpass the latter. As years have moved since the 19th century, more and more people are now employed in the industry. There are professional who are involved in designing, testing, developing, installation and repairing of the electronics. Another great impact is that the society has become more efficient with inventions of more complex and smaller electronics that have high level functionality.

With increased production since the 19thcentury, there has been production of toxic materials with negative impacts to the environment. However, in the past twenty years there has been creation of regulations to address these problems.

DIY tips for repairing electronic parts

Since modern homes use electronic gadgets as a source of entertainment in most cases, running a home has many expenses. Most of the expenses come from maintenance and repair of these gadgets. Unfortunately for most people, the high cost of living has made it difficult to spare some cash towards such gadgets. The solution seem to be fixing them personally but that also presents a challenge to most who may not know what to do or just fear doing the work. Here are some DIY tips to repair electronic parts.

Start by trying to find out if the problem is internal or external. To do this just check for any broken or lose parts on the outside of the gadget and make sure the connection is well. Sometimes the problem is as simple as a loose wire or a broken fuse.  If it’s still not working properly then the problem could be on the outside. Listening for uncommon sounds can also help in determining this. If you need to open the gadget, make sure the power is turned off first before touching anything else. This is a safety measure that can protect you and those in vicinity during the work.

Since the internal parts of the electronic gadgets are complicated especially for those who don’t have expertise in the area, it’s important to remember how everything is placed. This has been made easier with the invention of smart phones that have cameras. Take pictures of every corner of the device before you start taking it apart so you can remember the right place of everything. Try to check for any misplaced parts or damaged ones that can be faulty and causing the problem. In most cases a damaged electronics are a result of something very easy to repair so fixing them shouldn’t be a problem. Once you fix the problem, use the pictures you took to reassemble everything before trying it on again.

Trying to fix your gadget by yourself should only be done when the warranty of the device has elapsed. In cases where it’s still active it’s always advisable to take it back to the dealer. Try to find information about the gadget you’re dealing with before doing anything. This will give you the knowledge you require to different faulty parts and those that are working properly as well as any other relevant information pertaining to the device. Finding such information has been made a lot easier with the use of internet. Always take precautionary measures like wearing protective gear like gloves or even goggles and ensuring no children are around when you’re working.